His mother, Elizabeth Arnold Poe, was an actress who had attained some prominence as a leading lady. His father, David Poe, Jr.
A few facts about Poe's life are indisputable, but, unfortunately, almost everything else about Poe's life has been falsified, romanticized, slanderously distorted, or subjected to grotesque Freudian interpretations.
Poe, it has been said at various times, was a manic depressive, a dope addict, an epileptic, and an alcoholic; moreover, it has been whispered that he was syphilitic, that he was impotent, and that he fathered at least one illegitimate child.
Hardly any of Poe's biographers have been content to write a straight account of his life. This was particularly true of his early biographers, and only recently have those early studies been refuted.
Intrigued with the horror and mystery of Poe's stories and by the dark romanticism of his poetry, his early critics and biographers often embroidered on the facts of his past in order to create their own imaginative vision of what kind of man produced these "strange" tales and poems. Thus Poe's true genius was neglected for a long time.
Indeed, probably more fiction has been written about this American literary master than he himself produced; finally, however, fair and unbiased evaluations of his writings and of his life are available to us, and we can judge for ourselves what kind of a man Poe was.
Yet, because the facts are scarce, Poe's claim to being America's first authentic neurotic genius will probably remain, and it is possible that Poe would be delighted.
Both of Poe's parents were professional actors, and this fact in itself has fueled many of the melodramatic myths that surround Poe.
Poe's mother was a teenage widow when she married David Poe, and Edgar was their second son. Poe's father had a fairly good reputation as an actor, but he had an even wider reputation as an alcoholic. He deserted the family a year after Poe was born, and the following year, Poe's mother died while she was acting in Richmond, Virginia.
The children were parceled out, and young Poe was taken in as a foster-child by John Allan, a rich southern merchant. Allan never legally adopted Poe, but he did try to give him a good home and a good education. When Poe was six years old, the Allans moved to England, and for five years Poe attended the Manor House School, conducted by a man who was a good deal like the schoolmaster in "William Wilson.
Poe and his foster-father often quarreled during his adolescence and as soon as he was able to leave home, Poe enrolled at the University of Virginia. While he was there, he earned a good academic record, but Mr.
Allan never allowed him the means to live in the style his social status demanded. When Poe tried to keep up with his high-living classmates, he incurred so many gambling debts that the parsimonious Mr. Allan prevented his returning for a second year of study.
Unhappy at home, Poe got money somehow probably from Mrs. Allan and went to Boston, where he arranged for publication of his first volume of poetry, Tamerlane and Other Poems He then joined the army.
Two years later, when he was a sergeant-major, he received a discharge to enter West Point, to which he was admitted with Mr. Again, however, he felt frustrated because of the paltry allowance which his foster-father doled out to him, so he arranged to be court-martialed and dismissed.
Poe's next four years were spent in Baltimore, where he lived with an aunt, Maria Clemm; these were years of poverty. Allan died inPoe hoped that he would receive some of his foster-father's fortune, but he was disappointed.
Allan left him not a cent. For that reason, Poe turned from writing poetry, which he was deeply fond of — despite the fact that he knew he could never live off his earnings — and turned to writing stories, for which there was a market.
He published five tales in the Philadelphia Saturday Courier inand because of his talent and certain influential friends, he became an editorial assistant at the Southern Literary Messenger in Richmond in December The editor of the Messenger recognized Poe's genius and published several of his stories, but he despaired at Poe's tendency to "sip the juice.
Poe married his cousin, Virginia Clemm, inwhen she was fourteen years old. He left the Messenger the following year and took his aunt and wife to New York City. There, Poe barely eked out a living for two years as a free-lance writer.
He did, however, finish a short novel, The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym, and sold it to the Messenger, where it was published in two installments. Harper's bought out the magazine inbut Poe never realized any more money from the novel because his former boss had recorded that the Narrative was only "edited" by Poe.
Poe continued writing, however, and finally in Mayhe was hired as a co-editor of Burton's Gentleman's Magazine. He held this position for a year, during which he published some of his best fiction, including "The Fall of the House of Usher" and "William Wilson.
This was unfortunate because his Tales of the Grotesque, which had been published several months earlier, was not selling well.In addition the book 'Edgar Allan Poe: a biography' by Milton Meltzer describes the literary works and criticism of Poe's books and poems.
INTRODUCTION Edgar . A Comparative Analysis of Edgar Allan Poe’s Life and His Literary Works ( words, 3 pages) Similarities Between Poes Life and His WorksIn Edgar Allan Poes lifetime and today, critics think that there are striking similarities between what Poe lived and what he wrote.
The Lady Ligeia is the central figure in the story, a woman whose dark but wan features and intense personality perfectly suit the Romantic image of the mysterious Gothic woman.
Ligeia is stronger than most humans are in life, both in the sense of having a supernatural will and in the narrator's mind.
Edgar Allan Poe's "Tales. Literary Analysis of The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe The life of Edgar Allan Poe was as morbid and melancholy as his works. After the abandonment by his father and the disturbing death of . read poems by edgar allan poe On January 19, , Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston, Massachusetts.
Poe's father and mother, both professional actors, died before the poet was three years old, and John and Frances Allan raised him as a foster child in Richmond, Virginia.
Edgar Allan Poe was an American writer active in the 19th century. He is known for his dark, macabre tales and poems and is considered a part of Romanticism. \ Glossary \ Literature \ Literary Authors \ Edgar Allan Poe. Edgar Allan Poe.
Most of Edgar Allan Poe's works consist of fantastic or mysterious situations that are characterized by.