An analysis of henry thoreaus views on independent living

Byhe had begun to set his first draft of Walden down on paper.

An analysis of henry thoreaus views on independent living

Byhe had begun to set his first draft of Walden down on paper. After leaving Walden, he expanded and reworked his material repeatedly until the spring ofproducing a total of eight versions of the book.

However, with the failure of A Week, Munroe backed out of the agreement. Six selections from the book under the title "A Massachusetts Hermit" appeared in advance of publication in the March 29, issue of the New York Daily Tribune.

Important Quotations Explained

A second printing was issued inwith multiple printings from the same stereotyped plates issued between that time and A second American edition from a new setting of type was published in by Houghton, Mifflin, in two volumes, the first English edition in InWalden was included as the second volume of the Riverside Edition of Thoreau's collected writings, in as the second volume of the Walden and Manuscript Editions.

Init was issued as the first volume of the Princeton Edition. Since the nineteenth century, Walden has been reprinted many times, in a variety of formats. It has been issued in its entirety and in abridged or selected form, by itself and in combination with other writings by Thoreau, in English and in many European and some Asian languages, in popular and scholarly versions, in inexpensive printings, and in limited fine press editions.

A number of editions have been illustrated with artwork or photographs.

Supporter Updates

Some individual chapters have been published separately. Some of the well-known twentieth century editions of or including Walden are: Although Thoreau actually lived at Walden for two years, Walden is a narrative of his life at the pond compressed into the cycle of a single year, from spring to spring.

The book is presented in eighteen chapters. Thoreau opens with the chapter "Economy. He explains that he writes in response to the curiosity of his townsmen, and draws attention to the fact that Walden is a first-person account.

He writes of himself, the subject he knows best. Through his story, he hopes to tell his readers something of their own condition and how to improve it. Perceiving widespread anxiety and dissatisfaction with modern civilized life, he writes for the discontented, the mass of men who "lead lives of quiet desperation.

Thoreau encourages his readers to seek the divinity within, to throw off resignation to the status quo, to be satisfied with less materially, to embrace independence, self-reliance, and simplicity of life.

In identifying necessities — food, shelter, clothing, and fuel — and detailing specifically the costs of his experiment, he points out that many so-called necessities are, in fact, luxuries that contribute to spiritual stagnation.

Technological progress, moreover, has not truly enhanced quality of life or the condition of mankind. Comparing civilized and primitive man, Thoreau observes that civilization has institutionalized life and absorbed the individual.

He writes of living fully in the present. He stresses that going to Walden was not a statement of economic protest, but an attempt to overcome society's obstacles to transacting his "private business. Each man must find and follow his own path in understanding reality and seeking higher truth.

An analysis of henry thoreaus views on independent living

Discussing philanthropy and reform, Thoreau highlights the importance of individual self-realization. Society will be reformed through reform of the individual, not through the development and refinement of institutions. He remains unencumbered, able to enjoy all the benefits of the landscape without the burdens of property ownership.

He becomes a homeowner instead at Walden, moving in, significantly, on July 4, — his personal Independence Day, as well as the nation's. He casts himself as a chanticleer — a rooster — and Walden — his account of his experience — as the lusty crowing that wakes men up in the morning.

More than the details of his situation at the pond, he relates the spiritual exhilaration of his going there, an experience surpassing the limitations of place and time.

He writes of the morning hours as a daily opportunity to reaffirm his life in nature, a time of heightened awareness.

Summary and Analysis

To be awake — to be intellectually and spiritually alert — is to be alive. He states his purpose in going to Walden: He exhorts his readers to simplify, and points out our reluctance to alter the course of our lives. He again disputes the value of modern improvements, the railroad in particular.

Our proper business is to seek the reality — the absolute — beyond what we think we know.Analysis Of David Henry Thoreau 's Life Essay - Intro David Henry Thoreau was born on July 12, and lived nearly all of his life in Concord, Massachusetts, a small town about twenty miles west of Boston.

He was the third child with his older siblings John and Helen and younger sister Sophia. His father John was a shopkeeper. Analysis of Where I Lived and What I Lived For Essay Where I Lived and What I Lived For Analysis Henry David Thoreau, the author of this piece, lived in the mids.

Throughout his life, Thoreau was an author, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor, historian, and leading transcendentalist.

Henry David Thoreau was born on July 12, , in Concord, Massachusetts. He began writing nature poetry in the s, with poet Ralph Waldo Emerson as a mentor and friend. In he began his famous two-year stay on Walden Pond, which he wrote about in his master work, also became known for his beliefs in .

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An analysis of henry thoreaus views on independent living

Walden (/ ˈ w ɔː l d ən /; first published as Walden; or, Life in the Woods) is a book by transcendentalist Henry David text is a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings.

The work is part personal declaration of independence, social experiment, voyage of spiritual discovery, satire, and—to some degree—a manual for self-reliance. Walden, by Henry David Thoreau is written in first person about the events and ideas that came to the author during his time living at Walden Pond in the eighteen hundreds.

Henry David Thoreau was a poet and a philosopher who lived a life of simplicity in order to make a .

Center for a Stateless Society » Wild and Free: The Libertarian Philosophy of Henry David Thoreau