Etiology and Introduction Overview Since the s, the concept of dissociative disorders has taken on a new significance. They now receive a large amount of theoretical and clinical attention from persons in the fields of psychiatry and psychology. Dissociative disorders are a group of psychiatric syndromes characterized by disruptions of aspects of consciousness, identity, memory, motor behavior, or environmental awareness.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Dissociative disorders Essay Sample Introduction Dissociative disorder is one of the most contentious mental disorders and is subject to intense cynicism.
The literature ranges from passionate discourses recognizing it as a real psychiatric disorder to equally obsessive claims that it does not exist. The purpose of my paper is to discuss dissociation and its clinical manifestations.
Dissociation is an experience, or a perceptible process, in which awareness is disrupted so that what might typically seem to be consistent, continuous, linked, and integrated is compartmentalized into self-directed groups of feelings, memories, and perceptions that can be remembered in a unreal, illusory, or vague state or that are repressed and out of conscious wakefulness.
This way of managing defensively with unbearable anxiety linked to traumatic events may be a normal, adaptive technique. Exiled memories may recur as intrusive images, physical symptoms, nightmares, or experiencing the trauma.
The dissociative phenomena are more expected present in extremely hypnotizable patients as also are the dissociative disordersthough, the presence of dissociative phenomena may simply be isolated clinical findings.
Additionally, patients who have high hypnotic potential require not have any dissociative symptoms.
Indeed, training in hypnotherapy will be beneficial to anyone intending to work in the area of dissociation. Books dealing with clinical aspects of hypnosis will also usually contain sections on dissociative issues Spiegel a, b I not reached to hypnosis I m just telling reader that there are many books with clinical aspects of hypnosis.
The disturbance or alteration may be sudden or steady, and transient or chronic. If the disturbance occurs mainly in memory, important personal events cannot be recalled as in Psychogenic Amnesia and Psychogenic Fugue p.
Dissociative Disorders Not Otherwise Specified Disorders in which the predominant feature is a dissociative symptom i. American Psychiatric Association,p. In children this may occur following physical abuse or trauma.
Some of these dissociative states can relate to various defensive and recuperative reaction patterns similar to the automatic defensive reactions well depicted in animals under attack.
Predatory attack involves various stages, each of which demands its own defensive reactions, and the defensive systems of prey take in many different subsystems adapted to meet this inconsistent threat.
States of Dissocative disorder Uncontrollable and repetitive interruption of traumatic memories and linked traumatic states — including dissociative identity states, fragments and other ego states — and the expenditure of incessant effort to avoid internal and external reminders of trauma, with resultant detachment from the body, emotions, self and social world, lead to exhaustion and, eventually, to chronic states of misery Janet On the other hand, successful processing of traumatic memories entails integration of these states.
The observation that dissociation and the dissociative disorders resultant from it affect a wide range of mental and physical functions was vital to nineteenth-century views on hysteria. In that era hysteria take in symptom complexes that today would be diagnosed as dissociative disorders, somatoform disorders, sexual disorders, eating disorders and personality disorders Janet And Janet immediately added: As a result, in this diagnostic system, somatoform symptoms, which nineteenth-century French psychiatrists would have measured dissociative, are diagnosed instead as somatization disorder, pain disorder, conversion disorder, sexual disorder or body dysmorphic disorder, disorders not understood or classified as dissociative in nature.
However, even this current international definition is more restrictive than what Janet had in mind. As defined in ICD, dissociative disorders of movement and sensation involve only loss of sensations and loss of or interference with movements.
Disorders involving additional sensations such as pain are to be included in the somatoform disorders, and somatization disorder is not classified as a dissociative disorder. Clinical Practice and Diagnosis While dissociative identity disorder is very infrequently encountered in clinical practice, as more attention is paid to the occurrence of sexual abuse of children the core trauma believed to be the etiology of dissociative identity disorder clinicians require to consider this as a possible diagnosis.
A word of caution though is indicated.Dec 01, · Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), formerly known as Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) is considered by the American Psychiatric Association to be one of 4 main kinds of dissociative disorders (DSM-IV): "The essential feature of dissociative disorders is a disturbance or alteration in the normally integrative functions of identity, memory, or consciousness" (8).
Multiple Personality Disorder Essay Examples. An Introduction to the Issue of Multiple Personality Disorder. 1, words. 1 page. A Description of Multiple Personality Disorder. 1, words. 4 pages. An Overview of the Characteristics of Dissociative Identity Disorder, a Mental Illness.
words. 1 page. An Analysis of the Characters. Dissociative Identity Disorder in “Primal Fear” Outline * Introduction * Basic concept on DID * Symptoms of DID * Etiology of DID * Treatment of DID * Prevalence of DID * Primal Fear * Conclusion Dissociative Identity Disorder in “Primal Fear” Introduction Dissociative identity disorder or multiple personality disorder is a psychiatric illness.
Dissociative Identity Disorder Dissociative Identity Disorder Dissociative identity disorder (DID), which is formerly known as multiple personality disorder, is a severe form of dissociation, which is a mental process, producing a lack of connection in an individual’s thoughts, memories, feelings, actions, or sense of identity.
The disease is where two or more personalities simultaneously existing within a person .
Analysis Of Dissociative Identity Disorder For Fight Club Introduction Most people experience instances of light dissociation, such as daydreaming or getting “lost in the moment” while doing their work. When dissociation becomes a severe mental disorder, dissociative identity disorder (DID) may be present.
According to the Mayo Clinic, people with DID escape reality in involuntary and unhealthy ways (p.1). Essay Multiple Personality Disorder More than two million cases can be found altogether in psychological and psychiatric records of multiple personality disorder also called dissociative identity disorder.