First, it was inordinately protracted, lasting longer than either world war, essentially because Iran did not want to end it, while Iraq could not. Second, it was sharply asymmetrical in the means employed by each side, because though both sides exported oil and purchased military imports throughout, Iraq was further subsidized and supported by Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, allowing it to acquire advanced weapons and expertise on a much larger scale than Iran. Third, it included three modes of warfare absent in all previous wars since When Saddam Hussein, president of Iraq, quite deliberately started the war, he miscalculated on two counts:
From Persia to present History of Iran: From Persia to present The history of Iran. Jun 11, 2: It wasn't until that it adopted its present name.
Quick facts Official title: Islamic Republic of Iran Area: Mostly a central desert basin surrounded by mountainous rims Government: Theocratic republic Head of state: President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad Population: The discovery of oil in the early 20th century generated international interest in the nation, particularly Great Britain and Russia.
The United States became increasingly interested in Iran following the Second World War, particularly its oil reserves. Inthe U. In the years that followed, Iran forged closer ties with Washington, receiving large amounts of military and economic aid from America until the late s.
Iranian revolution The country also saw increased Westernization, much to the dismay of the clergy who denounced the pro-Western policies and secularization. Rising discord with the hereditary monarch, known as the shah, marked the early s.
After years of tenuously holding onto power with the backing of the U. With that, the pro-West regime of the shah gave way to an official anti-American stance that was openly encouraged by the mullahs and Iran became an Islamic republic.
Furious by a lack of action, the students and militants stormed the U. Embassy in Tehran on Nov.
Iran become engulfed in a bloody, eight-year war with Iraq in CBC The hostage taking lasted days, and included a failed rescue attempt. The situation strained relations between the two countries.The New Press is a nonprofit public-interest book publisher. Your gift will support The New Press in continuing to leverage books for social change.
The history of Iran, The empire's territory, at its height, encompassed all of today's Iran, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Nearly a hundred Iran political prisoners were killed by the SAVAK during the decade before the revolution and many more were arrested and tortured.
One of the most dramatic changes in government in Iran's history was seen with the Iranian Revolution where Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was overthrown and replaced by Ayatollah Ruhollah timberdesignmag.com patriotic monarchy was replaced by an Islamic Republic based on the principle of rule by Islamic jurists, (or "Velayat-e faqih"), where clerics serve as head of state and in many powerful.
Syrian politics, history, and religion. Unfortunately, King Abdullah’s reforms not only came to a screeching halt but regressed following the eruption of Arab Revolutions across the Arab world. The history of Iran.
Early Persia was a formidable empire, whose vast plateau rimmed by mountain ranges, was variously invaded by Arabs, Turks and Mongols. Iraq and Iran disputed navigation rights which were regulated by the Algiers Agreement of , and Iraq coveted territories in Iran.
On September 17, Saddam Hussein abrogated the Algiers Agreement. On September 22 Iraq began a massive invasion of Iran, citing an alleged Iranian assassination attempt on Iraqi foreign minister Tariq Aziz at one.