Up until the yearProvincial Grand Lodges met in a number of Provinces throughout the island of Ireland, but most of these had come into existence, at different times, and were not integrated into a cohesive whole.
These are put in context by a narrative which outlines the archaeological history of the site from Roman times to about The observations go back to the time of Wren. In the time available for this talk, I will cover the history of the cathedral and its site up to the Great Fire of London inwith a short look at recording of the Wren building of No certain evidence of the Anglo-Saxon cathedral has yet been identified, though a foundation of Anglo-Saxon or at latest 11th-century character found in a testpit on the north-west side of the cathedral in is significant: But otherwise the Anglo-Saxon cathedral and its ancillary buildings remain unknown.
One potential site for the Anglo-Saxon church, beneath the nave of its Romanesque successor, is suggested; but there is no firm evidence and other sites are equally possible.
The significance of the famous Anglo-Scandinavian grave-marker in Ringerike style can now be reassessed and evidence of its reuse in a medieval building somewhere in the churchyard described. Other pieces of grave furniture of the 10th and 11th centuries are catalogued, two for the first time. The cathedral was rebuilt into its gigantic medieval form from The form of the eastern arm and transepts of the Romanesque cathedral were suggested by Richard Gem inand their significance hinted at, though not much could be said as the information was so exiguous.
The London region was where a fully-developed style of Romanesque architecture might be expected before the Norman Conquest, and the rebuilding of the cathedral from would fit into this context. Its nave elevation may have derived from St-Etienne in Caen. The analysis of moulded stones architectural fragments from the recent excavations, probably from the nave, has filled out this picture and identified one main building stone as from Taynton in Oxfordshire.
The plotting of the outline of the whole church, from all the evidence, has suggested the size and arrangement of the building for the first time since the work of the cathedral Surevyor Francis Penrose in the s.
As we progress through the succession of cathedrals on the site, the information increases and our understanding of the building and therefore its architectural and historical significance become clearer. The main construction periods of the medieval cathedral are the rebuilding of transepts and tower in the first half of the 13th century, the extension of the choir called the New Work in —, and the chapter house and cloister of south of the nave.
The New Work was presumably intended to provide an enlarged, spacious setting for the shrine of Erkenwald; a similar extension for the patron saint had just been finished at Ely in The architecture was similar in scale and character to contemporary parts of other great English churches which have survived, particularly Lincoln, Lichfield, St Albans and York; but there are also elements which suggest precedents in France, especially the window tracery and the large rose window in the choir gable.
The buildings attached to the medieval cathedral can described as far as archaeological observation can contribute, and their outlines tied down on the modern map as far as is possible. At the Reformation in the s the cathedral suffered, like all other great churches. Its fabric was despoiled and neglected; in the spire caught fire and was afterwards demolished.
During the Elizabethan and Jacobean decades, however, the choir of the cathedral became the site of prestigious, assertive tombs of courtiers and high-ranking officials. This collection of post-Reformation monuments is second only to those which survive in Westminster Abbey.
A major new element in our understanding of the development of the pre-Fire cathedral comprises the recovery and analysis of fragments of the Jones portico and other fragments from his restoration of the church in — The portico can be reconstructed from fragments, and a detailed picture of his whole restoration is emerging from the conjunction of archaeological and documentary study.
Apart from the work of Jones, however, the immediately post-Reformation period is little known, right up to the Great Fire of Since we have been cataloguing the artefacts and archives within the Heritage Centre.
We currently have over records, it is now possible to search the collection on-line. Oct 26, · St Paul’s Cathedral protest: Blitz landmark closed because you might trip over guy rope At the height of the Blitz, the relentless pounding of London by Luftwaffe bombers forced St Paul’s.
With its dome commanding the London skyline, St. Paul's Cathedral stands emblematic of London's 17th century—the era of Newton, the Great Fire, and the emergence of England as a world power.
Seventy years on from the night St Paul's cathedral in London almost fell victim to the Luftwaffe, firefighters in London are gathering to remember those who dies in one of the defining moments of. Wiki article about the Blitz states that change in the Nazi bombing strategy – from eliminating the military installations towards the bombing of the cities – probably saved Britain, because they .
St. Paul's was an inspiration to the nation during the Second World War, when much of the surrounding area was destroyed during the Blitz, pictures were shown of St.
Paul's standing steadfast, its dome wreathed in smoke and flames.